Managing Risk in Your Business – A Guide to Internal Controls

In today’s dynamic business landscape, managing risk has become a crucial aspect of ensuring the long-term success and sustainability of any organisation. One of the most effective ways to mitigate risks and ensure regulatory compliance is by implementing robust internal controls.

For businesses of all shapes and sizes, the significance of managing risk and adhering to regulatory frameworks cannot be overstated. They affect every facet of an organisation, symbolising the nervous system of a business wherein appropriate planning and reaction occurs.

We provide an understanding of internal controls and highlight the importance of regulatory compliance for businesses.

Understanding Internal Controls

Internal controls play a fundamental role in managing risk and achieving business objectives. By implementing a well-designed internal control framework, accountancy firms like ourselves can enhance the reliability of financial reporting, safeguard assets, and ensure compliance with applicable regulations.

Internal controls refer to the policies, procedures, and processes established within an organisation to provide reasonable assurance regarding the achievement of operational efficiency, effectiveness, and reliability of financial reporting. The UK possesses an extensive framework for internal controls which auditors are required to adhere to.

At Nordens, through our dedicated Strategic Advisory division, as well as our Audit & Assurance department, we help to identify and mitigate risks by establishing and initiating key internal controls in an organisation. Our services are tailored towards the preferences of our clients, whether you require short, regular accountability calls to keep on track of risk management or whether you need a more in-depth, comprehensive package of facilities that can transform the internal controls and auditory lifeblood of your business. If you have any questions whatsoever, then please get in contact with our Director of Strategic Advisory, Joe Sword, who’ll be happy to answer any of your queries.

A robust internal control framework typically consists of the following components:

Control Environment

The tone set by management emphasises the importance of internal controls, ethical behaviour, and compliance with regulations. By setting a clear agenda, management can effectively install a culture which will benefit the ethics and operations of a company.

Risk Assessment

Identifying and evaluating the risks faced by the organisation to determine the necessary control activities. This should be done regularly to ensure up-to-date regulations are followed and all risks are calculated and mitigated.

Control Activities

Policies and procedures designed to mitigate identified risks, including segregation of duties, authorisation and approval procedures, physical controls, and more.

Information and Communication

The flow of relevant and appropriate information across the organisation to support effective internal controls.


Regular review and assessment of the effectiveness of internal controls through testing, audits, and ongoing monitoring activities.

What Are The Different Types of Internal Controls?

Internal controls can be classified into three main categories: preventive controls, detective controls, and corrective controls.

Preventive Controls

These controls aim to prevent risks and errors from occurring in the first place. They include measures such as segregation of duties, where different individuals are responsible for initiating, recording, and reviewing transactions, as well as authorisation and approval procedures to ensure compliance with company policies.

Detective Controls

Detective controls focus on identifying and detecting risks and errors that may have occurred. Examples of detective controls include regular audits and reconciliations, monitoring and exception reporting, and data analytics and trend analysis.

Corrective Controls

Corrective controls are implemented to address and rectify issues identified through preventive and detective controls. They involve incident response and remediation processes, process improvement initiatives, system updates, and employee training and awareness programs.

How To Successfully Implement Internal Controls

Implementing internal controls requires a systematic approach that encompasses several stages.

Identifying Key Business Processes

Identify the critical business processes within your accountancy firm that require internal controls, such as financial reporting, cash handling, payroll, and client engagement.

Assessing Risk Exposure and Prioritising Controls

Conduct a thorough risk assessment to identify potential vulnerabilities and prioritise controls based on their significance in mitigating risks and achieving business objectives.

Designing Control Activities and Documentation

Develop control activities and procedures that are tailored to the specific risks and processes identified. Document these controls in policies, manuals, and process flowcharts to ensure consistent implementation.

Testing and Monitoring Control Effectiveness

Regularly evaluate the effectiveness of internal controls through testing and monitoring activities. This includes conducting periodic audits, reviews, and assessments to identify control weaknesses and take corrective actions.

Continuous Improvement and Adjustment

Internal controls should be viewed as dynamic processes that require continuous improvement. Regularly reassess the effectiveness of controls, update policies and procedures, and adapt to changes in the business environment and regulatory landscape.

Combining Risk Management & Regulatory Compliance

To effectively manage risk and maintain regulatory compliance, it’s imperative to integrate these together within the day-to-day operations of a business. Here’s how to achieve this integration:

Mapping Regulatory Requirements

Identify the specific regulatory requirements applicable to your accountancy firm and understand the reporting obligations. This may include reporting standards, tax regulations, and compliance requirements imposed by regulatory bodies.

Conducting Risk Assessments

Perform risk assessments tailored to the unique challenges faced by accountancy firms. Identify control gaps and vulnerabilities in relation to regulatory compliance and develop risk mitigation strategies to address them effectively.

Top-Down Commitment

Demonstrate leadership commitment to compliance and ethical conduct, setting an example for all employees. This can be initiated by providing comprehensive training programs to ensure that employees understand their regulatory obligations and the importance of compliance.

Clear Communication Channels

Establish clear and confidential channels for employees to report compliance concerns and encourage a culture of open communication. This will create an open and transparent environment through consistent messaging.

Effectively managing risk and maintaining regulatory compliance is vital for businesses. By implementing robust internal controls, firms can mitigate risks, safeguard assets, and ensure accurate financial reporting. Regulatory compliance not only protects firms from legal and financial repercussions but also enhances their reputation and fosters long-term success.

By integrating internal controls and regulatory compliance, businesses can proactively address risks and build a culture of compliance that instils trust among clients and stakeholders. Embracing these principles will enable companies to navigate the challenging business environment with confidence and achieve sustainable growth. Of course, as stated we can help you with this through our Strategic Advisory department so please get in touch for a FREE consultation if this sounds of interest.

We hope this has outlined to you how to effectively manage risk in your business and the importance of implementing internal controls within your businesses. If you’d like to know any further information, or anything accounting-related, please do not hesitate to get in contact with us at Nordens, where one of our trusted advisors would be happy to talk you through your query.